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There are few natural disasters like volcanic eruptions. If you live within 20 miles of a volcano, it’s a good idea to know safety precautions in case this happens. This is important even if the volcano is dormant. When the pressure of air and lava inside a volcano increases, an eruption can create flows of lava, ash and rock, toxic gases, volcanic fumes, and other hazards. for your life.
How do you prepare for a volcanic eruption?
A volcanic eruption is terrifying. But there are things you can do to keep yourself and your family safe beforehand:
Listen to your local leaders. Above all, it is important to listen to safety instructions. Your local authorities will give you advice on how to prepare for an explosion. They will also give you information on how to evacuate or take shelter, if needed.
Be prepared to shelter in place or evacuate. In some cases, you may need to move to a different location or find another place to shelter where you are. Make an emergency and shelter plan for you and your family. If you do it before you need to, it will help you stay calm when you need to do it.
Go through the plans with your loved ones so everyone knows what to do.
Create an emergency delivery package. Along with the plan, you need to prepare some items in advance. A delivery package should include:
- A first aid kit and instructions
- A candlestick
- A spare battery
- Food and water
- A non-electric can opener
- It’s an electronic radio
- Important medicines
- A reliable and safe shoe
- Breathing (masi)
- Eye protection (goggles)
Save your lungs. Volcanic and volcanic ash can damage your lungs or breathing. To prepare for a volcanic eruption, make sure you have adequate protection. Use an N95 respirator or air-purifying respirator to protect your lungs.
If you can’t catch these, use a nuisance dust mask. These masks are not only protective, but they can keep you safe for a while when the dust is blowing.
You can find these masks at hardware stores.
What to do if you need to evacuate or shelter in place
Even if it seems like a good place to stay, you should listen to your local authorities if they tell you to leave. Volcanoes can emit dangerous gases, lava, rocks, and ash that are not good for your environment.
To prepare for evacuation, ensure that:
- Fill up your car’s gas tank.
- Bring an emergency kit with fire extinguishers, first aid kit, alarm cords, tools, maps, fire extinguishers, extra food, sleeping bags, batteries, flashlights, and other essentials. .
- Before you leave, protect your vehicle if possible.
- Be sure to listen for emergency calls or other warnings.
- Listen to your radio or television station for updates.
- Know your flight plan.
- Make sure you have enough medicine for at least a week.
- Fill water bottles with clean water.
- Be prepared to bring pets, but be aware that emergency shelters may drop off animals.
- Fill your sinks and bathtubs with water to supplement clean water.
- Place your refrigerator and freezer in a cooler location so your food stays colder longer in the event of a power outage.
Before you leave, turn off your gas, water, and electricity if you have time. Unplug anything that causes electric shock when your power comes back on.
On your way out, be prepared for heavy traffic and delays. Just follow the evacuation procedures. Other paths are blocked.
If local officials tell you to shelter in place, it’s also important to stay tuned to the radio and television for constant updates. Make sure your radio is working if you don’t have access to your TV. You may need to evacuate later. Must:
- Turn off your heat, air conditioner, and fans.
- Close and lock your windows and exterior doors.
- Back up your emergency kit and make sure everyone knows where it is.
- Turn off your ignition.
- Stay in a room above the ground floor without windows.
- Keep your pets in the same room as you, and make sure they have plenty of food and water.
- If you can, carry a cell phone (one connected to the court) with you. Call a family member or friend who does not live near the volcano, and be alert if you need to report an emergency situation.
How can you stay safe during a volcano?
There are different types of volcanoes and different types of volcanoes. Some erupt in a burst, while others create a lava flow. Scientists follow volcanic activity. They can predict an explosion and issue a warning if needed. Sometimes, you may not have time to prepare. But if an explosion hits your area, there are things you can do to stay safe:
If whatever the flow – whether it’s dirt, debris, ash or lava – is coming to you, keep going out of the area. Use your car if you can. Close your windows, close the doors. Drive out of harm’s way if possible, or get out of the way if not. Check out the bad stuff on the way.
If you are outside during an explosion:
- Go into the safe area.
- Roll into a ball to protect your head if you get hit by a rock.
- Watch for rising water and mud runoff in low-lying areas if you’re near a river or stream. Move up the stairs as fast as you can.
- Stay away from areas where there is blowing smoke and wind that could irritate your eyes, nose or throat. You may need to see a doctor later if your symptoms get worse.
- Get help for burns as soon as you can. This could be a life saver.
If you are in an outbreak period:
- Bring your pets or animals indoors or in closed areas.
- Turn off all your fans, gas, and heat.
- Close all your doors, windows, and fireplace or wood stove hoods.
It is also important to stay safe when the ash falls from the volcano. Stay inside as much as possible. If you must go outside, wear a long shirt and long pants. Use a mask for your eyes and a mask to protect your lips.
Turn off your car engine and try not to drive through the ash. This can cause the ash to clog your engine and stop your car. But if you’re going to drive, roll up your windows to turn off the wind. The rotation brings outside air and ash inside.
In some cases, you may not be able to shelter inside for too long during the ash time. Ash gets too heavy on your roof and it collapses. Air routes to your home can also be blocked. Stay tuned for updates from local officials if ash falls for more than a few hours.
What should you do after an explosion?
Even after an explosion, it’s important to keep safety at the top of your mind. To protect yourself and your family after a volcanic eruption:
- Heed all warnings and follow instructions from your local authorities.
- Pay attention to air quality, drinking water, and road upgrades.
- Turn off your heater, air conditioner, and fans.
- Keep your windows, doors, and fireplaces and wood stoves closed.
- Use a mask and sunglasses when you go outside.
- Avoid ash areas and do not touch any ash. Cover your skin to prevent irritation.
- Don’t go if you don’t want to go.
- Remove the ash from the roof so that your house is not weighed down. But be careful, because the ash is very slippery.
- Use bottled water if there is ash in your drinking water.
- Change the furnace filters or clean the permanent filters.
How does volcanic ash affect your health?
In addition to flying rocks and hot lava, volcanoes can do a lot of damage from the gases they emit. That’s why it’s important to wear long clothing, goggles, and a mask.
Ash particlescan enter your lips. Even if you are healthy, your breasts can cause problems. You may experience a runny nose, sore throat, dry cough, or shortness of breath. For people with medical conditions such as asthma or bronchitis, this can be worse. In this case, there may be shortness of breath, coughing or wheezing.
The explosion of the volcano can affect your eyes and skin. Scratches appear in front of your eyes, and they are hot, red, inflamed, or sensitive inside. You may notice a stinging or tearing sensation, as if something is stuck in your eye. Your eyes may hurt or become red and bloodshot.
Not only that, but volcanic ash can also cause problems for your skin. This is especially true if the ash is acidic. You may notice skin irritation or redness. You can develop a secondary infection if you scratch this area.
Vog is also bad for your health, especially if you have other respiratory problems. The sulfur dioxide in vog can irritate your skin, eyes, throat, nose, and lungs.
If you are near vog from an explosion, you may develop: